- Born in Halifax County, Virginia 17591
- Died in Stanly County in March 7, 18462
- Married Elizabeth Maness3
- He is my 5th great-grandfather via
- His son, Sampson
- His son, John Calvin
- His daughter, Rosa Ann
- Her daughter, Virginia
- Her son
- His daughter
There is quite a record concerning Absalom Caudle’s Revolutionary Pension. He appeared in court to apply for a pension in October 1832. He was approved. The Stanly County court record clearly shows Caudle and his signature shows Caudel. It’s pretty cool to have an ancestor who could sign his own name. I don’t have too many of those this far back. However, on Fold3.com, his Revolutionary Pension papers have been annotated and indexed as Candel.
In his pension application, he states he was born in Halifax County, Virginia in 1759 and that he was living in Bladen County, NC when he enlisted and for a few years after the war. He didn’t try to avoid serving, in fact, he substituted for others after his first enlistment. In 1779, he signed a petition against forming a new county from Bladen, Duplin, and New Hanover counties. Sometime after this, he moved his family to Anson County, NC.
I haven’t been able to find him on the 1790 or 1800 census, however by 1810, he’s living in Anson County. According to his pension application, he probably moved to Anson in the early 1780’s. There is at least one family bible that was sent to the war pension office to help prove that Elizabeth was indeed Absalom’s wife. This bible remained there for nearly 50 years before being returned to Stanly County. I’m not sure where this bible is now, but there images of a handwritten transcription of what was included in that bible (labeled Bible A) and a second (labeled Bible B).
This is where things get interesting for me. When you look at the Bible A, Absalom and Elizabeth are married March 22, 1787 and have nine children over a 22 year span. Their first being born in 1788. Then, written in Bible B, there’s three children listed from 1818 to 1822. While there’s no other information given regarding the mother, I found the dates to really be pressed for these children to belong to Elizabeth. In my research, I started to find the following or similar statements:
Elizabeth was insane by 1815 and Absalom had children by another woman. However, Elizabeth stayed on and they were never divorced.
Also, in a few places, I find the name Martha Parrish as the mother of the last three children. Where did this name originate? After Absalom’s death, Elizabeth filed for widow’s pension. By this time in the 1840’s, it is documented that she’s insane. It’s also documented that a Martha Parrish had filed for widow’s benefits. What an interesting twist. I haven’t found Martha Parrish’s application, but Elizabeth was finally proven to be Absalom’s wife and received his pension after his death.3
I would like to know where the theory about Elizabeth being deranged by 1815 and would love to see Martha’s pension application. I do believe he had those three children by another woman. Why didn’t she put herself in the second bible? Since Martha applied for his pension, it makes sense that she would be the mother, but I have nothing concrete to base this upon.
Absalom Caudle died at the home of his son, Jesse, on the 7th of March, 1846.
-Died: At the residence of Capt. Jesse CAUDELL in Anson, on the 7th, Absalom CAUDELL, aged 89, a revolutionary soldier2
- Caudel, Absalom Revolutionary War Pension Application
- Fayetteville Observer, Fayetteville, NC. March 24, 1846
- Caudel, Elizabeth Widow’s Pension Application